This dissertation is my attempt to produce a scientific paper without approved accolades. Like others, this thesis is in conflict with the established current theory. Example: The 1923 view that the Milky Way galaxy was the entire universe. Then Edwin Hubble discovered Andromeda and others that modified the universe immensely. This study pertains to the current theory of the formation of the 5 Great Lakes in North America. In reality, there are only 4 as the Huron/Michigan combination is, in reality, 1 lake. The first part of this explanation is all about the definition of what a lake is. Throughout the world, lakes are on all continents and come in a variety of shapes, sizes, and depths. The vast majority contain fresh water unless the land in which it lies lends acidity or alkaline to its waters. For simplicity, all Natural Lakes mentioned here contain fresh water and range in depth from a few feet to 250′ in depth. Deeper waters fall into 5 different types of lakes that are listed below:
1. Reservoirs: these deep lakes are backed up behind natural and man-made dams. They can be in excess of 1,000 feet in height and have water depths behind them in the original river channel that can be nearly as high as the dam itself. Jinping-1 (1001′) in China is 1.
2. Rift Lakes: These deep lakes are in geological zones where shearing produces deep canyons that fill up with water. Lake Baikal (5,315′), Russia.
3. Caldera Lakes: Volcanic explosions that blow out the core of the volcano’s vent and over time fill up with water. Crater Lake (1943′), Oregon.
4. Mining Lakes: these lakes can be as deep as open pit mines and when they are no longer profitable, they fill in with water. Mines North Lake (5,500+’), Kuala Lupur.
5. Impact Crater Lakes: these lakes are reasonably circular in shape with an up thrusted core in the middle that rebounded in a reaction to a high energy meteorite hitting the planet’s surface. Lac Manicouagan (1,148′) in Quebec is 1. 

Lake Baikal in Russia. The deepest freshwater rift lake in the world.

Crater Lake in Oregon. A caldera that has filled in with water. 
Lac Manicouagan, Quebec. A confirmed meteorite impact hit. An example of an impact crater lake. The large island in the middle is the rebound cone. 
2 deep impact crater lakes in northern Quebec. Both have rebound cones. The eroded West Clear Lake one is visible, the East Clear Lake island is below the lake’s surface. 

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